ROLE OF SHAHUKAR IN ECONOMIC LIFE

Research & Review: “History of Khaksar Movement in India” Thoroughly research and written by Prof. Amalendu De.

Inayatullah wrote that a Shahukar (capitalist or wealthy merchant) sitting in his own shop comfortably and without doing any manual labour makes three times profit by purchasing the handiworks of the poor labourers and foreign goods. It is only by virtue of his wealth that he earns a good name and occupies a high position in the city or town. He owns magnificent buildings, motor cars, horses, etc. In the evening the poor labourer comes before the Shahukar with the goods made by him in his small cottage and says Salam to Shahukar. But the Shahukar is so busy that he has no time to acknowledge his Salam. Giving a vivid picture of the relation between a Shahukar and a labourer, and showing his respect to the poor labourers, Inayatullah boldly asserted:
If we look at the hands of the labourer we will see the miracle of prophecy divine power and the great creative capacity in it. Such hands are worthy to be kissed. Do not flinch from the dirt and rough skin of a labourer.
The poor labourers are producing necessary goods. They have creative faculties and divine power in their hands. As they give comfort to men they should be loved and respected by all. According to Inayatullah the Hindu, the Parsee and other business communities of India are generally capitalists. They are making money out of money. Through purchase and sale of goods they easily make money. They lend money on interest, they erect big f they purchase lands, they realize rents, and thus they make money without any labour. But the Muslims had only their handiworks and they are fond of these. They purely depend on their courage and strength. In a way the Muslims are very few in number in the profession of making money through purchase and sale of goods as the capitalists do. Under pressure of circumstances the Muslims have not acquired this profession after the downfall of their kingdom. But their attachment to this technical manual skill is very old. It has been crested by the teachings of Islam. Even Prophet Muhammad had to work like a labourer and to take part in business. During the Golden Age of Islamic rule there were many skilled workers among the Muslims who were proud of their professions. Even several kings were engaged in handiwork, such as, writing of the Quran and making caps. They were not ashamed of it.
According to Inayatullah the profession of Shahukari did not prevail among the Hindus in ancient days. At the time of Asoka and Bikramjit they were not purely Shahukars, they were Shahukars-cum-artisans. During the Muslim rule they practically became capitalists, banians and shopkeepers. They gave up handicrafts, or they were enjoying high posts under the Muslim rulers. The educational profession was also in their hands. Even now the condition is the same, although the Hindus could not be capitalists, labourers and handicraftsmen like the English and other ruling nations. In their long history of one thousand years there is none among the Hindus who has invented new things and become famous as artisans.