By Ali Nawaz Rahimoo
Tharparkar is spread over 22,000 square kilometers with a population of about 1.5 million residing in 2,300 villages and urban settlements. Divided into six talukas District Tharparkar has been divided into six Talukas and 69 union councils. (28%) of the population lives in the Chachro taluka. Of the other talukas, Nagarparkar is the most populated (28%), followed by Diplo (14%) Islamkot (12%), Mithi (10%), and Dahali (8%).
Thar is also the district with the most extreme deficit of cereals and crop-based foods relative to per capita per day utilization. It is the poorest district in rural Sindh with a caloric poverty rate of 72.4 percent. Thar is also among the top two poorest districts in rural Pakistan Tharparkar has one of the lowest levels of human development of all the districts in the country with a human development index. Almost two-thirds of the population, Tharparkar is an economy based on casual labour and credit, which provide 78 percent and 69 percent of total income. In comparison, agriculture and livestock provide just eight to 25 per cent of total income.
There is only one stabilization center in district hospital. That is all very well but it makes little sagacity to reinforce the major hospitals when the basic health units in remote rural areas remain dilapidated and collapse without the most basic equipment, staff or ambulances services . Only one gynecologist but this has been overlooked as well. The main district headquarters hospital has only one male doctor, who is a child pediatrician. There is no surgeon in any government medical facility in the whole district. No secondary health facilities are available either. Positions of doctors are vacant in District Tharparkar; dozens of posts including Para medical staff are lying vacant.
A Rural Health Centre was established in 1979 in Tehsil Chachro; however, there is no lady doctor or pediatrician available. The Sindh government announced that it would appoint doctors to fill vacancies and provide adequate health facilities in all parts of the district. The majority of people having low income are not able to afford transport and hospital expenses to save the lives of their loved ones who fall ill due to malnutrition and waterborne and other diseases. 45 children die in Tharparkar in month of October and November 2014. Many poor and under-nourished children are dying due to a wide variety of diseases following the unavailability of, nutrition food and basic health facilities. Yet not taken satisfactory procedures to determine the scarcity of food and water cause of newborn babies. Affected segment is; children below 5 years age, lactating mothers and pregnant women. Thar region was alarming and required the government to immediately take remedial procedures including, provide, Recruit the medical staff and ambulance services, food and medicines, Thar must be given priority in matters provide sustainable solution for drought effected peoples.