NATURE OF KHILAFAT AND HIJRAT MOVEMENTS

Research & Review: “History of Khaksar Movement in India” Thoroughly research and written by Prof. Amalendu De.

Then Inayatullah turned to the Khilafat movement. According to him the Muslims contributed Rupees Eighty lakhs within a few months and gave it to their leaders for this movement. They were so much moved to see the sad plight of the Khalifah that with the object of restoring his position the Indian Muslim women offered their bangles and rings, men, gave their turbans and kurtas, and even the small children offered their money accumulated by them for purchasing sweets. Though the Khilafat issue originated four thousand miles away from India, yet it greatly affected the sentiments of Muslims all over the world.
The participation of the Indian Muslims in this movement was no doubt an important event. Side by side with it the non-cooperation movement also played a vital part in galvanizing the minds of the people. The massacre of Jallianwala Bagh, in April 1919, fired the country from one corner to another, and everywhere there was a cry for Swaraj. The Hindus and Muslims were united. There was a call for subscriptions to the cause of the country. A great Hindu leader was the President of the movement. In spite of that the wealthy and capitalist Hindu brothers contributed only one crore and twenty-five lakhs of rupees though their number was three times more than that of the Muslim population. The Muslims have, of course, a share in the contribution.
Thus, according to Inayatullah this amount was collected for the independence of the country. Elaborately discussing these points Inayatullah observed:
It is a fact that the Muslims have not become dead physically and mentally. They have still some signs of life. They would lose their individuality when they would be saturated with the English education and modern civilization, and when they would cease to labour hard after seeing the wealth and luxuries of other people. No doubt they suffer from some very serious maladies and look like a corpse.
Discussing the nature of the Khilafat and Hijrat movements Inayatullah commented thus:
It seems that the Khilafat and Hijrat movements were mainly influenced by religious factors. But I can proclaim it loudly that there was fifty percent religion and fifty per cent politics in it.
He opined that it was religion which made the general body of the Muslims politically conscious. Naturally, there is no need to teach them politics separately. They are not backward in participating in political movements. Gifted with the power of foresight they see politics in every religious movement.