Justice to be Done.
Look at this photograph; the late Nawab Akbar Bugti, with multiple health problems, was too old to fight and Nawabzada Balach Marri was too young to die.
“As far as our own desire is concerned, we don’t want to fight even for a single day. But if circumstances force us to fight, we can fight to the finish”.
Indeed, they were forced by General Musharraf to fight. So they fought furiously for the honour of their mother land, for the pride of their Baloch race and also for the greater cause of oppressed Baloches of Balochistan. Both were brutally murdered in 2006 and 2007 respectively.
Dera Bugti under Siege
In 2002 Dera Bugti came under siege by 50, 00, Para-military troops during the hottest months of June and July. The whole town of Dera Bugti was left without electricity, gas and other basic human facilities.
Rape of a lady Doctor.
“Rape is a heinous crime”
It was on 2nd January, 2005, when the rape of a lady doctor named Dr Shazia Khalid was raped by Captain Hamad in the Sui Gas Field of Pakistan Petroleum hospital. The
Rapist was personally favored by General Musharraf. Later on Dr Shazia, with her husband, was sent to Canada.
“Pakistani women, who were the victims of rape, treated rape as a “money making concern” and were only interested in the publicity in order to make money and get a Canadian visa.”
(General Musharraf – Washing Post in September 13, 2005)
Warning of General Musharaaf
“Don’t push us, it is not the 1970s when you can hit and run and hide in the mountains. This time you won’t even know what hit you……This is not the 1970s when the Pakistan Armed forces failed to quell rebellion there”.
(General Musharraf on TV; January 10, 2005)
Replying to the warning of General Musharraf Nawab Akbar Bugti said;
“General Sahib [Pervez Musharaaf] has promised to hit us in such a way that we will not know what hit us. In one sense it is quick death that he is promising us. They could do this to a few Baloch leaders, but not the whole Baloch nation.” His promised ‘quick death’ has come, but in death, as in life, he appears poised to remain the rallying force for the Baloch.
(The Nawab Akbar Bugti; News line February, 2005)
Military Operation on Dera Bugti
With the intention to eliminate Nawab Bugti, the Pakistan Security Forces took action on March 17, 2005 on the town of Dera Bugti. They fired rockets where he was sitting in a meeting with his tribesmen, but he survived. However, during the day long shelling resulted in loss of 67 lives, including 33 members of the minority Hindu community and injury to over 100 people with severe damage to a number of houses and temples.
It was said that in order to hide this mass killing of innocent people the roads of Dera Bugti were blocked by the government officials; no one was allowed to visit the area. Even the media, the lawyers, the other social workers were not permitted to enter the area. The families who were going to pray for the souls of the innocent were stopped and were not let in.
In December 2005 addressing a newspaper editors’ meeting in Lahore, Musharraf said;
“There are two or three tribal chiefs and feudal lords behind what is going on in Balochistan. The past governments have made deals with them and indulged them. My government is determined to establish its writ. It will be a fight to the finish”
Again, later in 2005, General Musharraf said in a press conference at the President House that;
“Only three Sardars – Akbar Bugti, Khair Bux Marri and Attaullah Mengal, are the problem in Balochistan”
Peace Agreement and its Violation.
On March 23, 2005 a peace agreement was made between Nawab Akbar Bugti and Chuadhry Shujaat Hussian. As usual, General Musharraf vetoed the peace agreement and the Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz refused the general amnesty. Thus, the peace agreement of March 23, 2005 that had lasted for nine months when the forces of Pakistan began aerial bombardment on December 17, 2005 upon Kohlu.
Military Operation on Marri Area.
According to reliable sources the Pakistan Army on December 17, 2005 launched a massive operation against innocent Marri Baloches throughout Kohlu District, parts of Dera Bugti, and then extended to Noshki, Makran District and other parts of Balochistan.
It was said that;more than thirty thousand army personnel, twelve gunship helicopters, four fighter jets, and several spy planes of different sizes, heavy artillery and missiles were used. Due to ten days of intensive military operation about 86 people were killed and more than 200 seriously wounded. The majority were women and young children.
“They are determined to eliminate me, but, I am transferring my legacy to young generation, and it’s now youth, who will continue the fight till absolute freedom”.
(Nawab Akbar Bugti)
In August 2006 Nawab Akbar Bugti in his last interview told Hamid Mir of the intention of General Musharraf;
“The Baloch have always resisted unconstitutional measures. I’m not a traitor the people who go against the Article 6 and take control of Pakistan are the real traitors. I, like Mir Gul Khan Nasir, only put forward the demand for Balochistan rights. But in General Musharraf view this is a crime punishable by death”.
Further he added;
“Your commando General will rest only after he martyrs me but after my martyrdom, he will be held responsible. So now it’s up to you people either choose Musharaaf or Pakistan. The choice is yours.”
From the above mentioned facts it is clear that the Nawab was unnecessarily provoked, trapped, and forced into a bloody battle by General Musharraf. When all limits of patience, endurances, democratic and honourable means were crossed and all constitutional, reconciliation processes and dialogues had failed, thus, leaving him with no choice but to retaliate.
“The denials of democratic rights and economic deprivation have compelled people to take up arms. It is war now”
(Nawab Akber Bugti)
“Hushtira Zwaran Dast Maharan-nain”
“Riding the camel with reins in my hand”
(Nawab Akber Bugti)
He then left his beloved Dera Bugti for the mountains to meet the challenge of General Musharaf, reciting the revolutionary poetry of Mir Gul Khan Nasir:
“Phada Phada Warna Jangain”
“Wake up, wake up O youth, it is war”.
And so he was murdered in one of the caves of Kohlu Hills on August 26, 2006.
Here it merits noting that when Khan Mehrab Khan the ruler of Kalat was murdered by British troops in 1839, Mallson, in his book ‘The history of Afghanistan’ published in 1878 described that event as,
“This act, which has been taken as ‘more than a grave error,a crime’. ‘The palace was taken by assault and Mehrab Khan was slain”
Similarly, when the Talpur Mirs were defeated in the battle of Miani, Hyderabad, Sindh in 1843 again by the British army, under the command of General Charles Napier. The so called conqueror of Sindh himself remarked sadly,
“I have sinned”
In 1919, under the order by Brigadier-General Dyer, about 1,000 people were callously murdered by being gunned down by the British troops at Jallianwala Bagh. This also left approximately 15,000 wounded. Yet the Queen of the day remarked of the action as a;
It is very sad to say that, when Nawab Akbar Bugti was murdered, General Musharraf (then President of Pakistan) instead of being sorry he congratulated the officers in command who carried out this criminal operation.
“It is distressing to find the President congratulating the country’s security forces for their ‘successful operation’ that killed Nawab Akbar Bugti and several of his companions in the Bhambore Hills of Balochistan on Saturday. Every sensible person should be filled with deep foreboding at this critical development”
(DAWN – Editorial; August 28, 2006)
In fact the murder case of Nawab Akbar Bugti is indeed the collective murder case of thousands Baloches of Balochistan. No doubt, General (R) Musharraf is the main accused. Disappearance of a large number of young persons, the denial of the people’s right to be the masters of their own land and the control their natural resources by outsiders etc have all resulted in the Balochistan people have now reached the end of their endurance.
“Bewaasen Bar, Hushtira ishtaghan”
“Camel leaves an unbearable burden”
We the Baloches are now recalling the message of Mian Nawaz Sharif;
“It is a black day in the history of Pakistan and it shows that guns are solving the matters, the blood would continue to flow from this wound for a long time. The Nawabs’ death would harm the country’s integrity and it was a national tragedy.”
(Daily Times; 27/8/2006)
Ever since, Baloches of every walk of life have continually been demanding legal action, against General (R) Musharraf for the misuse of his authority. We the Baloches are now seriously demanding from the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mian Mohammand Nawaz Sharif and Dr. Malik Baloch, the Chief Minister of Balochistan, to bring the former dictator to justice.
We demand that justice be done. General Musharraf should be tried for the cold-blooded murder of Nawab Akbar Bugti, Nawabzada Balach Marri, including thousands of so many innocent Baloches of Balochistan.
“Not only must Justice be done; it must also be seen to be done.”
Abstracts are taken from Book. “The Nawab” will be published soon
© Johar Ali Bugti, London.
Previously published in ‘The Baloch Hal’: February 2014