Syeda Mehroz Zahra
In the world 1995, there are still huge differences between rich and poor developed and less developed countries, but why? Who is to blame? What can we do about it? Many things have been tied out to solve the problems, but it does it work? It seems bizarre that we modern intelligent people have not yet succeeded to get rid of the differences between DCs (developed countries) and LCDs (less developed countries). We try don’t we? Every year we grant 2% of our Gross National Product GNP to foreign aid to get a better standard of living (better agriculture, more and better schools and hospitals, access to health personnel, medicines, etc).
On the other hand is our “standard of living” the best for LCDs and the one we should impose on them? For instance , what is the point of giving of giving complex machinery like tractors and harvesters which need expensive fuel and maintenance to people who have harvested their crops by manpower of hundreds of years? We know for a fact that the money we grant is not being used adequately. A lot of the money is taken by the government of the less developed countries and a great amount of the sum are not being used to the purposes they are meant for . Bribery and corruption are huge problems in developing countries. It was more sense to dig wells for people who walk for miles every day to get their daily water supply than to support officials with BMWs and grand houses.
The World Bank was established and a large amount of capital was poured in despite of the fact that the Third World lacked the level of infrastructure , the economic and social background the skilled personnel to Europe. The failure of this model of economic development to produce economic well being and growth for most Third World countries is due to number of factor. These factors include the concentration of economic resources in the hands of the rich and of unrepresentative government the exclusion of the large majority of affected populations from economic decision making and the integration of southern economies in an international market where they cannot compete equitably.
The Industrialized countries are still holding the less developed countries down. It’s the DCs who decide coffee- tea and sugar – prices and consequently exercise indirect control of the countries economy. We also protect ourselves with high import taxes and low import-quotas. Increasing protectionism in Northern markets shut off some Third World exports while at the same time the increased export of some natural resources lumber from forest , for example created the conditions for rapid environmental destruction. At the same time a major debt crises developed particularly among those countries in the south that were producing primarily for Northern markets.
As 1990s began popular movements that included farmers, workers, women environmentalists and community groups in the south were challenging the adjustment policies and large scale projects that were ruining the poor and the environment. The goal for these groups is sustainable development .In Africa there are established with help from among other countries , Norway, mobile doctors , who visit villages and remote places on regular basis. This way of co operating with the host –countries has proved to be the best way of “helping” the developing countries to develop in their own pace and their “Third World” way.
I guess this is what have kept the Third World countries under developed for such a long time : That we have imposed on them OUR development with its flaws, disrespect for nature and other countries and other cultures and the greediness which threatens to ruin the balance of our environment.